The Marion Experiment: Long-Term Solitary Confinement and the Supermax Movement
(Elmer H Johnson & Carol Holmes Johnson Series in Criminology)
(Southern Illinois University Press; 1st Edition (January 7, 2015) ISBN-10: 0809333767 | ISBN-13 : 978-0809333769)
Ian Ross (University of Baltimore) and Stephen C. Richards (Northern
Kentucky University) Richards is a former federal prisoner having
served 11 years, including time in USP Atlanta, USP Terre Haute,
USP Marion, and USP Leavenworth. Both Ross and Richards are FedCURE
Ross and Richards are both veteran criminologists who have
published extensively on crime and prisons. Clearly, they have the
experience to back up what they write: Ross worked almost four years
inside a correctional institution, and Richards spent 11 years as
a federal inmate. They tell it like it is, the “low-down and dirty”
of what a person can expect if they go to jail or prison. Their
information comes from first-hand experiences and from conversations
The Marion Experiment Taking readers into the darkness of solitary confinement, this searing collection of convict experiences,
academic research, and policy recommendations shines a light on the proliferation of supermax (super-maximum-security) prisons and the detrimental
effects of long-term high-security confinement on prisoners and their families.
Stephen C. Richards, an ex-convict who served time in nine federal prisons before earning his PhD in criminology, argues the supermax prison
era began in 1983 at USP Marion in southern Illinois, where the first “control units” were built by the Federal Bureau of Prisons. The Marion Experiment,
written from a convict criminology perspective, offers an introduction to long-term solitary confinement and supermax prisons, followed by a series of
first-person accounts by prisoners—some of whom are scholars—previously or currently incarcerated in high-security facilities, including some of the roughest
prisons in the western world. Scholars also address the widespread “Marionization” of solitary confinement; its impact on female, adolescent, and
mentally ill prisoners and families; and international perspectives on imprisonment.
As a bold step toward rethinking supermax prisons, Richards presents the most comprehensive view of the topic to date to raise awareness of the
negative aspects of long-term solitary confinement and the need to reevaluate how prisoners are housed and treated.
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